Sunday, July 30, 2017

My Vegan Chronicles - Part 1 of 10 - The Types of Vegetarian Including Veganism

By Gary Boutin

This is the first post of ten posts that will address my search to become a vegan. Use it for reference, use it for information, its up to you. I hope this posts help new vegan achieve better health. I am a new vegan but 65 years young vegan, I am still learning, the best of being part of being a vegan is that I find a new and interesting recipes everyday. 

This post will define the difference between a vegetarian and Veganism. 

There are many types of vegetarians and many ways to become a vegan. Your choice could be to be one of these vegetarian types to start and eventually you could move yourself to be a vegan. It's not a race, it's a life style. Look below and see if any of these vegetarian will work for you and your diet.
  • Flexitarian: A term recently coined to describe those who eat a mostly vegetarian diet, but occasionally eat meat.[3]
  • Fruitarian: This diet consists only of fruits; vegetables botanically classified as fruits, such as tomatoes, eggplant, zucchini, and avocados; and seeds and nuts. [4]
  • Lacto-Ovo Vegetarians: Do not eat beef, pork, poultry, fish, shellfish, insects or animal flesh of any kind, but do eat eggs and dairy products are lacto-ovo vegetarians (“lacto” comes from the Latin for milk, and “ovo” for egg). This is the most common type of vegetarian in North America. [5]
  • Lacto-vegetarian: Vegetarian who does not eat eggs, but eat dairy products. Many Hindu vegetarians are lacto-vegetarians who avoid eggs for religious reasons while continuing to eat dairy.[6]
  • Low Fat Vegetarian: Consist of less than 10 percent of its calories form fat. [7]
  • Macrobiotic: The macrobiotic diet, revered by some for its healthy and healing qualities, includes unprocessed vegan foods, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, and allows the occasional consumption of fish. Sugar and refined oils are avoided. Perhaps the most unique qualifier of the macrobiotic diet is its emphasis on the consumption of Asian vegetables, such as daikon, and sea vegetables, such as wakame and other seaweeds. [8] 
  • Ovo-vegetarian: Refers to people who do not eat meat or dairy products but do eat eggs. Some people are ovo-vegetarians because they are lactose-intolerant. [9]
  • Pescatarian (Pescetarian): While technically not a type of vegetarian, these individuals do restrict their meat consumption to fish and seafood only. Pescatarians do not consume red meat, white meat or fowl. Pescetarianism /ˌpɛskəˈtɛəriənɪzm/ (also spelled pescatarianism) or pesco-vegetarianism is the practice of following a diet that includes fish or other seafood, but not the flesh of other animals. Most pescetarians maintain a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet with the addition of fish and shellfish.[10 ] 
  • Pesco Pollo Vegetarian:This vegetarian avoids red meat but eats chicken and fish. [11]
  •  Pollo vegetarian: This vegetarian avoids red meat and fish but eats chicken. [12] 
  • Pollotarian: Much like the pescatarian, this “semi-vegetarian” diet restricts  meat consumption to poultry and fowl only. Pollotarians do not consume red meat or fish and seafood.[13]
  • Semi-vegetarian: Someone who’s cutting back on his or her intake of meat, in general. [14]
  • Veganism: The Vegan Society, defines "Veganism is a way of living which seeks to exclude, as far as is possible and practicable, all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose... Yet one thing we all have in common is a plant-based diet avoiding all animal foods such as meat (including fish, shellfish and insects), dairy, eggs and honey - as well as products like leather and any tested on animals."[1] "Dieters instead load up on fruits, vegetables, leafy greens, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and legumes".[2], [15]
  • "The vegan diet was defined in The Vegan Society's in 1944, in 1949 before Leslie J Cross pointed out that the society lacked a definition of veganism". "This is later clarified as “to seek an end to the use of animals by man for food, commodities, work, hunting, vivisection, and by all other uses involving exploitation of animal life by man”.[1]
  • "Vegetarians including Vegans have long been hailed as the healthiest eaters. A study published in the American Heart Association Meeting Report found people who mostly adhere to a pro-vegetarian diet (70 percent of food intake is derived from plants) were less likely to die from cardiovascular disease".[16] "And a slew of other research have associated this particular diet with reduced risk for certain types of cancer, high blood pressure, and early death". [16]
  • The Merriam-Webster Internet Dictionary defines a vegan: "A strict vegetarian who consumes no food (such as meat, eggs, or dairy products) that comes from animals; also: one who abstains from using animal products (such as leather)".[17] 
[1] Definition of veganism from Vegan society website.
[2] Vegan vs. Vegetarian Diets: How Each Will Impact Your Health
[3] Flexitarian
[4] Fruitarian
[5] Lacto-Ovo Vegetarians
[6] Lacto-vegetarian
[7] Low Fat Vegetarian 
[8] Macrobiotic Diet
[9] Ovo-vegetarian
[10] Pescatarian (Pescetarian), pescatarianism
[11] Pesco Pollo Vegetarian
[12] Pollo Vegetarian
[13] Pollotarian
[14] Semi-vegetarian
[15] Veganism
[16] American Heart Association Meeting Report
[17] Merriam-Webster

My Vegan Chronicles:

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